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That an entirely satisfactory drain to lift fluids from the cul de sac over the pubis has not heretofore been devised is evidenced by the fact that every stage in the evolution of the drain—the glass tube, the unprotected gauze, the cigarette, the split rubber, the gutta-percha strips, and the fenestrated rubber tube—each still has its adherents.
A recent experience with a large fenestrated rubber abdominal drain, in which it was necessary to administer a general anesthetic, split the tube down to one of the lower eyelets and with the finger push a plug of intestine out of the lumen of the tube before it could be removed, led me to devise the drain shown in the accompanying illustration. In the few cases in which I have used it it has met all the indications of an ideal drain, since it combines all the advantages of all the other
PEPLE WL. A NEW ABDOMINAL DRAIN. JAMA. 1910;LIV(19):1499. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.92550450001001c