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December 7, 1912

EXOPHTHALMOS IN SCURVY

Author Affiliations

Assistant Professor of Diseases of Children in the Medical Department of the Tulane University of Louisiana; Junior Pediatrist of the Touro Infirmary; Pediatrist at the Presbyterian Hospital; Visiting Physician, Diseases of Children at the Charity Hospital NEW ORLEANS

JAMA. 1912;LIX(23):2040-2043. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270120025007
Abstract

A review of the literature on the condition of the protrusion of the eye in connection with scurvy shows that the terms "proptosis" and "exophthalmos," which are synonyms, are used to designate varying degrees of the protrusion. Proptosis is the more commonly used, and specifies the condition when not extreme, whereas exophthalmos is the term always employed to signify the extreme protrusion of the eyeball.

The committee of the American Pediatric Society in its "Collective Investigation of Infantile Scurvy in North America," in 379 cases reported that swelling and protrusion of the eye was noted in forty instances.1 Heubner,2 in his collection of sixty-five cases, states that the orbit was involved four times; and Jacobi,3 in forty cases, four times. In the foregoing cases it is not stated whether the protrusion of the eye was slight, or whether there was a decided exophthalmos. In view of this

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