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April 27, 1889


JAMA. 1889;XII(17):596. doi:10.1001/jama.1889.02400940020005

The presence of various microörganisms in the vagina when in an apparently healthy condition has been noted by several observers. Recently, Dr. G. Winter has been prosecuting a more systematic and extensive investigation, regarding the presence or absence of these bodies in all parts of the female sexual organs when in good health.1 In the vagina, a variety of microbes were always present, and in considerable numbers. In the os and cervical canal he found a similar variety generally present but not always. He found their number much increased during pregnancy. But he states positively that he found no microörganisms of any kind, either in the cavity of the uterus or in the Fallopian tubes. According to Dr. Winter's observations the most numerous variety of microbes present in the healthy vagina and cervical canal, is the staphylococcus, identical with the pathogenous cocci. If his observations on this point

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