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January 14, 1911


JAMA. 1911;LVI(2):124-125. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.02560020040019

In his recent and notable "History of the Confederate War," Eggleston calls attention1 to a great step forward in the civilization of warfare which was brought about by one of America's great surgeons, who was also one of the Presidents of the American Medical Association. The event makes an epoch in the betterment of the customs of war, and its origin deserves to be more widely known than it is. In describing Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign, Eggleston pauses to give the following account of the event in question, which occurred after the battle of Winchester, in May, 1862:

"In the meanwhile, it is pleasant to record here one step forward in civilization which was made during this campaign, and the author of which, Dr. Hunter McGuire, deserves remembrance for his humanity. Until that time, and indeed for long afterward, surgeons in charge of hospitals full of wounded men, on

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