The profession in its attitude toward the treatment of ptosis of the stomach and colon may be divided into three classes: (1) those who think that any benefit to be derived from operative procedures depends on the shock given the nervous system by the operation, together with the suggestion of benefit received; (2) those who believe in trying to restore the viscera as nearly as possible to their normal position by various methods, and (3) those who believe in overcoming the effects of displacement by short-circuiting the intestinal tract.
I have been inclined to believe that all three views are correct, and that the difference among them is largely a matter of degree of disability of cases observed. The mildest cases can be much improved by diet, proper rest, exercise and suggestion and almost any operation followed by a few weeks of rest will seem to benefit the patients. Cases
BONIFIELD CL. THE CONDITION OF A FEW PATIENTS, TWO YEARS AFTER ILEOSIGMOIDOSTOMY. JAMA. 1914;LXIII(6):444-446. doi:10.1001/jama.1914.02570060004002