The premature or delicate infant has an equal right to life with the robust. Indeed, its frail condition should insure it every possible care, since because of its feebleness its life's prospect is not nearly so good. While I have no available data, such at least is my personal experience. The fact that I have seen several striking examples of the possibilities of saving the lives of some of these cases and believe that not sufficient care in their management is practiced, is my excuse for presenting this brief paper.
The two general requirements in the care of premature infants are the maintenance of body heat, and proper nourishment.
I. THE MAINTENANCE OF BODY HEAT
In order to sustain life, body heat must be maintained and also the rapid dissipation of heat prevented. Heat is given off from the body by the excretions and feces and urine, by the lungs
McCLANAHAN HM. MANAGEMENT OF DELICATE AND PREMATURE INFANTS IN THE HOME. JAMA. 1914;LXIII(20):1758-1760. doi:10.1001/jama.1914.02570200052016