At the International Congress of Medicine held in Budapest in 1909, Sir William Macewen read a paper on "Intra Human Bone Grafting: Reimplantation and Transplantation of Bone." He presented the history of his classical case, in which he had operated thirty years previously, now thirty-six years ago, and had succeeded in reproducing -by the transplantation of small bony fragments of tibiae — practically the normal shaft of the humerus, which had been destroyed by osteomyelitis.
Macewen's work and the publication of his results seem to have marked the beginning of a new era in the surgery of bone lesions. The application of the principles underlying bony development and growth as worked out by him were quickly utilized in the treatment of fractures.
While the subject of my paper deals with the general subject of bone surgery, it pays particular attention to the subject of fractures.
One may rapidly pass over
McKENNA CH. [ill] AND RESULTS OF THE OPEN METHOD OF OPERATION [ill]NES AND JOINTS. JAMA. 1916;LXVI(20):1544-1548. doi:10.1001/jama.1916.02580460020008