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In the treatment of arch conditions by various men, and in the general literature on the subject, the relation of the transverse and longitudinal arches of the foot is not dwelt on much. I wish to callattention to a few facts regarding it.
Nearly all the anatomic and mechanical points regarding the bones of the foot and the parts they play, alone and together, in the function of weight bearing and locomotion have been ably dealt with in many special articles, and I can add but little to them. It is in regard to the clinical use of such knowledge that I wish to speak. Briefly, let us recall that anatomically we speak of two arches in the foot largely for convenience, and that actually the structure of the foot is dome shaped, doubly concave on the plantar aspect.
The weight is properly borne on the periphery, the short lateral
LOWMAN CL. OBSERVATIONS ON TREATMENT OF FOOT CONDITIONS. JAMA. 1917;LXIX(1):16-17. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.02590280018005