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Operative interference in tumors of the bladder is not at the present time conducted in a uniform manner, nor is it based on any generally accepted rules, as is the case in other domains of surgery. Each operator has notions and fancies of his own and operates accordingly, employing in many instances methods which, if applied in other branches of akiurgy, would bring ridicule on his head. Therefore, the possibility of approaching this subject in a more orderly and systematic manner, as well as the great scientific advantage to be derived therefrom, has induced us to attempt, by taking into consideration the work that we had observed in various genitourinary clinics, by availing ourselves of the pertinent literature, and by analyzing our own experiences, to establish certain basic principles on which, as a foundation, might eventually be built up a rational and consistent surgery of tumors of the bladder.
KOLISCHER G, SCHMIDT LE. SURGERY OF TUMORS OF THE BLADDER FROM A MODERN ASPECT.. JAMA. 1907;XLIX(4):303-308. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.25320040015002d