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The Nineteenth Century, October, contains an article by Hon. Dudley Leigh on the American system of ambulance service at the hospitals of our larger cities. He just points out the fact that in England the hand-stretcher is yet, as a rule, the only ambulance, although occasionally the old worn-out cab is brought into acquisition.
The idea of instituting horse ambulances, that should be summoned and sent out in cases of illness or accident with the same speed and regularity with which fire engines are called and despatched in the case of fire, originated in the year 1868 with Dr. E. B. Dalton, at that time the superintendent of the New York Hospital. Owing to a change in the disposition of that institution's property the suggestion was not acted upon at the time, but in the following year the Department of Public Charities and Correction approved of Dr. Dalton's proposals and
THE AMBULANCE IN AMERICAN CITIES.. JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(1):36–37. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440010054006