Having had a number of years of personal experience in the application of massage; having seen massage applied by so-called professors of massage; also having read all available literature on the subject, I was amazed at the diversity of opinion and often utter lack of knowledge of the subject, as to what constitutes scientific massage. On the other hand there are a few books in the English language that treat the subject in an able and scientific manner. I was therefore prompted to write this article in order that the general practitioner may become better acquainted with the indications, contraindications, physiologic action, etc., of massage. I have for this reason taken up the subject in a scientific manner, hoping that the use of massage be thereby elevated and placed in the hands of physicians, where it belongs.
DEFINITION OF MASSAGE.
Dunglison, 1860—Massage; massement; massing-all have the same meaning1—shampooing.Webster's Unabridged
KERCHER J. MASSAGE.. JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(2):77–81. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440020029001k