As has been observed, septicemia and pyemia have now become medical rather than surgical diseases. It might further be added that the advent of bacteriology, and especially the use of blood cultures, has led to the division of septicopyemia into subvarieties according to the etiology. The most important of these subdivisions are streptococcus sepsis, or, as some prefer to call it, streptococcemia, and staphylococcus infection or staphylomycosis. A good deal of attention has been given in this country to blood culture work, and some writers, Libman, for example, have published the results of extensive observation. The various causal factors and the common sites of infection in streptococcus sepsis have been pretty well exploited, but the same is not true of the staphylococcus infections.
Under the caption, "Staphylomycosis," Otten1 has recently given an extensive résumé of the medical aspect of staphylococcus sepsis, based on fifty-five cases observed in the clinic
STAPHYLOMYCOSIS.. JAMA. 1907;XLIX(8):694. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.02530080062007