The first paper on this subject was published by me in conjunction with Dr. Robert B. Osgood1 in May, 1905. A second paper now seems justified, since as the result of a larger experience many features of the subject are better understood, and it is possible to write with greater definiteness than was the case two years ago.
In the first place, in the consideration of the subject, it is to be remembered that the pelvic articulations are true joints and that in normal health, entirely irrespective of age or sex, motion is a definite part of their function. In the next place, it should be remembered that because of the character of these articulations, being flat bone surfaces brought together with oblique or vertical axes, their stability is dependent on the tone and character of the muscles and ligaments. This being the case, and it being recognized that
GOLDTHWAIT JE. THE PELVIC ARTICULATIONS.A CONSIDERATION OF THEIR ANATOMIC, PHYSIOLOGIC, OBSTETRIC AND GENERAL SURGICAL IMPORTANCE.. JAMA. 1907;XLIX(9):768-774. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.25320090044001m