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In the London Lancet (An epidemic of pneumonia occurring at Peshowar, Lancet, 1896, p. 1630), Dr. John Stephenson of H. M. Indian Medical Service, reports an epidemic form of lobar pneumonia occurring in the men of the First Bengal Infantry. The epidemic lasted for two months in the coldest part of the year, and was most intense at the middle of this period, while it was more fatal in the the earlier part.
After giving details as to age, death rate, etc., the writer continues: "With regard to the etiology of the disease there were appearances at one time of its spread by contagion. Thus, the suddenness and severeness of the epidemic, and especially the so frequent development of the disease a few days after admission, led us to consider whether infection might not not be a factor of the etiology. It appeared almost as if the hospital wards themselves
THE CONTAGIOUSNESS OF PNEUMONIA.. JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(5):231-232. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440050039006