William Paul Crillon Barton was graduated from Princeton College in the class of 1805. It was the custom at that time for each member of the class to assume the name of some celebrated personage; young Barton adopted that of Count Paul Crillon, and the initials "P. C." were retained by him through life.
He took his degree in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, where he studied under the direction of his uncle, Dr. Benjamin Smith Barton, graduating in the class of 1808. His thesis on "Nitrous Oxid" was considered a classic for many years.
After an internship in the Pennsylvania Hospital, he was appointed a surgeon in the Navy in 1809. In July, 1811, just 100 years ago, the Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Paul Hamilton, directed Surgeon Barton to outline a plan of organization for the Medical Department, to be presented to Congress for approval. It
STOKES CF. AIMS IN MEDICINE. JAMA. 1911;LVII(8):609-613. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.04260080173004