Although the symptomatology of pathologic conditions of the nose and accessory cavities has long been appreciated, more or less, by workers in this field of activity, not until recent years has the ophthalmologist and rhinologist alike recognized the fact that many ocular symptoms, which formerly were regarded, and unsuccessfully treated, as local disorders of the eyes, are frequently produced by inflammatory conditions within the nasal passages or accessory sinuses. Inasmuch as these regions are a terra incognita to many members of the profession, and a knowledge of the anatomy is essential to an understanding of the subject, it may not prove amiss to preface this discussion with a few illustrations which will serve more effectually to explain the underlying anatomic relationship of these structures and the pathologic conditions which occasion the ocular symptoms.
Figure 1 presents a side aspect of the skull, which will recall the external configurations of the
GRIFFIN OA. OCULAR SYMPTOMS OF NASAL ORIGIN.. JAMA. 1907;XLIX(19):1601–1603. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.25320190035001j