Typhoid fever is an acute, infectious and contagious disease occurring in man, and is caused by Bacillus typhosus. The typhoid bacillus depends for its perpetuation on multiplication in the body of man. The organism leaves the human body in the discharges from the bladder and bowel. All methods of control of typhoid fever must rest on the proper disposal of this material. If human excreta are prevented from reaching human mouths, typhoid fever will be entirely prevented.
In the United States, typhoid fever causes approximately 35,000 deaths, and incapacitates about 450,000 persons each year at their period of maximum earning capacity, thus causing an estimated economic loss of $150,000,000. The disease prevails practically throughout the United States. The application of the measures necessary for the control of typhoid is of paramount importance, not only on account of the large number of cases and deaths and the enormous economic loss resulting
LUMSDEN LL, RUCKER WC, FREEMAN AW. THE CONTROL OF TYPHOID FEVER. JAMA. 1911;LVII(11):891-895. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.04260090113016