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September 9, 1911

Improper Clothing Deforming the Nipples of Young Girls

Author Affiliations

Montclair, N. J.

JAMA. 1911;LVII(11):918. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.04260090140030

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To the Editor:  —My attention was called some years ago to the coincidence of the adoption of a new style of undershirt by women and an increasing number of cases of so-called retracted nipples.At first, I was somewhat incredulous in the matter and was disinclined to attribute this very serious deformity to what seemed, at first blush, so small a matter as the wearing of undershirts or vests, by growing girls, in which no special provision is made to prevent pressure on their nipples. I had always supposed that retracted, or rather submerged, nipples were due to tight-fitting corsets. Probably both factors are active in causing this deformity.I find that a belief is cherished among our profession that so-called retracted nipples may be due to faulty or arrested development, like hare-lip or spina bifida. This, I think, is quite erroneous. So far as I have been able to

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