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November 16, 1907


JAMA. 1907;XLIX(20):1680-1681. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.02530200038012

Prof. Karl Pearson,1 in a lecture delivered before the Junior Scientific Club of Oxford University, brought out the importance of the study and application of the science of eugenics to the welfare of people. Briefly, this science consists in the study of man from a biologic standpoint—dealing with "inheritance, selection and fertility in man" and the relation of these factors to racial efficiency. Although this science is comparatively young, there has been collected a large amount of statistical matter bearing on these subjects. The study of heredity in man, based as it must be largely on figures obtained from old records, seems to be peculiarly difficult, and the elimination of the element of environment almost impossible of accomplishment. Who can say in how far mental or moral qualities good or bad are the result of training or of association with the parents, or a family tendency to tuberculosis—so commonly

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