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The era of aseptic surgery has not only brought about important changes of old operative methods and simplified our surgical apparatus, but it has also given a stimulus to bold undertakings in surgery.
A large group of operations, which we could designate with the collective name of plastic operations, in the broad sense of the word, and which have the ideal purpose to correct the errors and faulty works of nature, have made an immense progress; but not only the common malformations as cleft palate, congenital dislocations, etc., have been attacked surgically, but the most delicate organ of the human body, the brain, has been a field of speculation by surgeons. Malformations and retarded development, mental disturbances of many kinds were considered and subjected to surgical experiments, and many of these experiments proved to be a success. But as it always happens in such instances, the use of these operations
BECK C. CRANIOTOMY IN MICROCEPHALUS.Lecture delivered to the Post-Graduate Medical School, Chicago, 1893.. JAMA. 1894;XXIII(17):642-646. doi:10.1001/jama.1894.02421220014001h