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Human life has become more precious in recent years, and human suffering has taken on the significance of an evil that must, as far as possible, be avoided at any cost. Accidents and death have lost most of their calm acceptance as inevitable results of providential conditions, and strict accountability is demanded. It would be well if the same thing were more true with regard to disease than has been the case up to the present time. Modern medical progress has taught very definitely what are the exact causes of many diseases, and we know now that in most cases when infectious disease affects a particular individual it is not usually (though, of course, it may be) because the person has "caught" the disease, as used to be said, but it is because some one has blundered and thus made it possible for the disease to be communicated in an
DISEASE AND MUNICIPAL RESPONSIBILITY.. JAMA. 1903;XLI(12):727-728. doi:10.1001/jama.1903.02490310031004