In no special field of surgery has more substantial progress been made during the past ten years than in the surgery of the kidney and ureter. The diagnosis of the surgical lesions of the kidney and ureter by the aid of the cystoscope, the ureteral catheter and the x-ray has now become almost an exact science; and with the development of accurate means of diagnosis the operative mortality has fallen and the end-results have at the same time improved until the results obtained compare favorably with those in any other branch of major surgery.
Further progress in this field must come, in part, through a clear conception as to the actual frequency and importance of the several pathologic conditions which go to make up the surgical group of diseases of the kidney and ureter, and the study on which this paper is based was undertaken with the idea of
STANTON EM. THE FREQUENCY OF SURGICAL LESIONS OF THE KIDNEY AND URETER AS ESTIMATED FROM AUTOPSY AND HOSPITAL RECORDS. JAMA. 1912;LVIII(11):755-757. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04260030153008