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The term dyspepsia is so frequently used by writers as a synonym for indigestion that one needs to explain the meaning he attaches to the word. In this paper it is to be understood as referring to the condition which permits or encourages acute attacks of deranged digestion or unnatural distress in the stomach or bowels from the presence or absence of normal food or its products. The acute attacks of interference with digestion are here termed indigestion. Frequent attacks of indigestion may occur in the course of a case of dyspepsia.
Functional dyspepsia includes all cases which are not due to some organic lesion of the stomach. Many cases of gastritis in children are sequelæ of indigestion and must be carefully differentiated from functional dyspepsia. But cases resulting from undeveloped stomachs properly belong in this class. From these limitations and explanations it may be seen that we include under
CARTER JMG. FUNCTIONAL DYSPEPSIA OF CHILDREN WITH ILLUSTRATIVE CASES.. JAMA. 1896;XXVII(15):803–804. doi:10.1001/jama.1896.02430930023002e