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May 4, 1912

The Orientation of Building or Planning for Sunlight.

JAMA. 1912;LVIII(18):1406. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04260050082035

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Here are reported elaborate studies of astronomic data to ascertain the most desirable position, shape and plan for buildings, with reference to sunlight. For example, if a square building faces south, there will be a portion of its north wall and the ground adjacent on which the sun will not shine at all during the winter. If a square building is placed with its diagonal on the meridian, as is the custom among the mountain dwellers of Switzerland, every side of the house will receive some sunshine. Atkinson analyzes L-shaped buildings and those of more complex arrangement, the placing of windows, the obstruction of the sun by projecting window casements, neighboring buildings, cornices, etc. The work is full of diagrams illustrating every point made and should be of decided help to those concerned in the construction of hospitals, houses and other buildings. The regulations enforced in Paris and in

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