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Dr. Frank Moore, superintendent of the New Jersey Reformatory, when assuming his present duties about three years ago, believed the probability that many of the inmates committed to the institution were mentally defective; not of such low grade as those confined in the New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded at Vineland, N. J., but of a higher grade or the so-called moron type. This particular class of defectives, when they become delinquent and come before the courts, are not recognized as such, but are classed as ignorant. Therefore, at the suggestion of Dr. Moore, I started a systematic investigation of the mental status of the inmates, basing this investigation on the system devised by the late Dr. Alfred Binet, the noted French psychologist, which it might be well to explain briefly. Binet examined a large number of school children who could do good work in school and were considered normal
ORTON GL. THE PROCREATIVE REGULATION OF DEFECTIVES AND DELINQUENTS. JAMA. 1912;LVIII(26):2021–2023. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04260060374006