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Article
November 28, 1903

THE CAUSES, PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF MYOPIA.

JAMA. 1903;XLI(22):1324-1330. doi:10.1001/jama.1903.92490410014001b
Abstract

In presenting this subject for consideration, I feel that it is neither fitting nor just that I should discuss every phase of it. It is my purpose, however, to draw your fire, and in this way to have the subject thoroughly ventilated.

In the beginning, permit me to say that I shall discuss the management of myopia in those who are under the presbyopic age, for I conceive that it is during this period that we are confronted by the serious problems in the management of the shortsighted eye.

The initial proposition which I wish to set forth is: that the condition of emmetropia is the normal and natural refractive condition of the human eye. It is true that infants, as a rule, are born hyperopic, and, therefore, it must be true that if they happen to arrive at the condition of emmetropia, an elongation of the eyeball along

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