[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
July 17, 1897


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1897;XXIX(3):143. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440290037021b

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


I present herewith a photograph of a vaginal speculum which I have recently invented. The instrument is similar to Graves' in the mechanism for the vertical expansion of the blades, but has the following improved features. Instead of the screw used in most similar instruments to keep the distal ends of the blades expanded, I have adopted a ratchet and pawl mechanism, which permits the operator to expose the cervix uteri very quickly, and adjust the instrument with one hand, and to release the blades as quickly when he desires to remove the instrument.

Another improvement is a funnel-shaped opening at the rear portion of the lower blade leading into a hollow shank on same, to which a piece of rubber tubing is affixed, thus providing a ready outlet for fluids while using the speculum.

The instrument is aseptible, and the lower blade can be detached and used as a Sims

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview