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April 11, 1914


JAMA. 1914;LXII(15):1172-1173. doi:10.1001/jama.1914.02560400040020

In considering the discredit into which certain aspects of physical exercise are liable to be thrown by some of the abuses of modern athletics, we have pointed out the desirability and timeliness of ascertaining with some scientific precision and freedom from "professional" bias precisely what are the physiologic effects of the current practices.1 The extent of the available information in respect to the specific influence of bodily exercise on the human mechanism is surprisingly limited. The time has arrived when criteria of competitive overdoing in contrast with wholesome athletic training should be proposed and discussed in a frank and fearless way for the future benefit of American youth.

Training has been defined as the systematic preparation of the body for the exhibition of the utmost efficiency of its muscular system by means of regular physical exercise and a carefully regulated mode of life. It aims at permitting the individual

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