When, in 1891, Professor Waldeyer of Berlin brought together the histologic, embryologic and pathologic data regarding the unit in the nervous system and called that unit the "neurone," the term met with widespread acceptance. It served to crystallize, as it were, in a single expression, the qualities of the nerve unit which had been detected by the developmental studies of His, the pathologic researches of Ford and von Monakow and the morphologic investigations of Ramon y Cajal.
Since the term was introduced, however, further facts regarding the histology and physiology of the nervous system have been discovered. Our knowledge of the existence of delicate fibrillæ within the nerve cell protoplasm has been extended by the exquisite methods of Apathy and Bethe, the existence and distribution of those delicate particles known as "neurosomes" have been demonstrated by Held, the networks of Golgi and Bethe in the periphery of the nerve-cell body
THE NEURONE DOCTRINE.. JAMA. 1904;XLII(1):36. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.02490460040003