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October 16, 1897


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1897;XXIX(16):787-789. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440420021002g

State Medicine, the department of science and government pertaining to public sanitation and public health, is a development of modern times, is largely a product of the civilization of the latter half of the present century; yet in its rapid extension it has become nearly universal, has an important place in the state enactments of nearly all nations. Physicians were recognized by law in very early times, and were provided for in the armies and at the courts of kings. In the Middle Ages something was known of medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine is said to have been founded by one Paolo Zachias of Rome, at the beginning of the seventeenth century. What is mentioned as state medicine, taught in the German universities in the eighteenth century, was but the forensic medicine of the times relating to laws in medical jurisprudence. The establishment of state medicine in all countries follows much

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