February 24, 1906

Bacteriology of Peritonitis.

JAMA. 1906;XLVI(8):604. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.02510350054033

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The authors state that they have attempted to place the bacteriology of acute peritonitis on a sound basis, and to deduce from the knowledge thus gained some facts which may serve to guide the surgeon in the treatment of the various diseases which are grouped under the names of septic or suppurative peritonitis. The relationship of the various affections of the contents of the abdomen to peritonitis are discussed at great length, and the rôle of the phagocytes in peritonitis also receives considerable attention. Speaking of the treatment of this condition, the authors state that the question between local irrigation and dry sponging, carried out with gentleness, is better than irrigation. The question of drainage, drug and serum treatment are discussed briefly. The authors believe that in the large majority of cases of acute peritonitis it is the colon bacillus which kills the patient. The only serum, therefore, which would

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