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Article
December 26, 1896

EARLY AMERICAN PHARMACOPEIAS AND THEIR AUTHORS.

JAMA. 1896;XXVII(26):1349-1351. doi:10.1001/jama.1896.02431040031005

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Abstract

The recent International Pharmaceutic Congress at Prague dealt with the history of pharmacopeias but devoted almost no attention to the evolution of pharmacy in the United States. The first attempt at a pharmacopeia in the United States resulted at Lillitz, Pa., from the endeavors of Dr. James Tilton of Delaware to secure an official standard as a check on the rapacity of the contractors supplying Washington's army. Dr. Tilton was the first president of the Delaware State society organized in 1789. He was graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1771. In 1777 while in charge of the General Military Hospital at Princeton he exposed the " boodleism" and brutality which naturally resulted from laymen having charge of the medical department of Washington's army. Through Dr. Tilton the service was reformed. Relatively inexpensive, readily ventilated, log hospitals took the place of the old mansions previously used. The wounded did not suffer

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