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April 30, 1904


Author Affiliations

Obstetrician to Mercy Hospital and to Salvation Army Rescue Home. DETROIT.

JAMA. 1904;XLII(18):1135-1138. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92490630021001g

"To such grievances as society can not readily cure, it usually forbids utterance on pain of its scorn; this scorn being only a sort of tinseled cloak to its deformed weakness."— Currer Bell, quoted by Shirley.

"The duty of Christian society is to find its work and to do it."—Carlyle.

"Society is organic; that is to say, it is like an organism, in that it is composed of interdependent parts performing functions essential to the life of the whole."1 The conservation of the race when economically considered, begins with the personal unit, which has both known and unknown values. The unknown unit, plus environment and heredity, represents a known quantity, which becomes a factor in the product of society. Environment and heredity are always subject to the qualifications of "accidentals," which may be either voluntary or involuntary.

"Clear knowledge, is confused when we can not distinguish the parts and

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