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April 4, 1896


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JAMA. 1896;XXVI(14):655-656. doi:10.1001/jama.1896.02430660007003

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In the Journal of Dec. 22, 1895, I gave an account of Napoleon's diseases, including his rumored epilepsy. Since writing that article I have received from Europe some additional facts and statements, largely through the courtesy of Dr. Robert Harvey, of Chicago, temporarily residing in Vienna, who collected for me whatever could be found in that city bearing on the disputed question of Bonaparte's epilepsy. I am also under obligations to Dr. A. Lagorio, of Chicago, for assistance in examining Italian literature. The main facts and statements brought forward to prove the epileptic attacks are as follows, taking them in chronological order:

M. de Norwins, in his Histoire de Napoleon, Paris, 1838, Vol. I. p. 11, says that when the young Napoleon was in the military school, a mere boy, he broke the rules and was subjected to a very humiliating punishment. The effect was to bring on a violent nervous

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