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In the searchlight of that greatest of all beacons, pathologic and surgical experience, new territory is being invaded and taken possession of by modern surgery, and fewer and less debatable grounds remain along the border line of internal medicine. In no locality is this better settled than in nephrolithiasis. Stones in the pelvis of the kidney or ureter, when known to exist, are looked on as dangerous foreign bodies and dealt with accordingly. Occupation, locality, or age does not, in my opinion, have any direct etiologic bearing on these cases. As a matter of fact, we do find more cases in persons between the ages of 20 and 50 years, but we find more people between these periods. I have found this condition to exist about equally in the two sexes. High living and sedentary habits are said to predispose to the formation of stones in the kidney, but my
CORDIER AH. NEPHROLITHIASIS.. JAMA. 1906;XLVII(12):908-912. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.25210120004001a