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October 27, 1906


Author Affiliations

Superintendent of the St. Peter State Hospital. ST. PETER, MINN.

JAMA. 1906;XLVII(17):1338-1341. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.25210170002002

In the infant pantomime plays the principal part in expression, and as the child grows older this pantomime becomes more complicated and graphic; especially in so far as the movement of the eyes, the muscles of the face and of the arms is concerned; so that the impressions from the environment and the emotions involved are reflected in these movements. In those individuals who are born blind, this association of pantomime with the afterward acquired vocal or graphic means of expression persists, so that the muscles of expression reflect the emotions in any given form of mental activity. In the ordinary individual, however, these modes of expression are eliminated by education and the exigencies of social intercourse; which require the putting on a mask that shall conceal the effect of the conditions in the environment on the individual so far as they are emotional. Therefore, as the result of training

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