Out-patient clinics for chest diseases have existed for a long time in connection with the great London chest hospitals. In Edinburgh, the Royal Victoria Dispensary for Tuberculosis was established in 1887, and is conducted according to the modern conception of such an institution.1 The Emile Roux Antituberculosis Dispensary, however, founded at Lille, France, in 1900, by Dr. Calmette, seems to have been especially instrumental in the establishment in rapid succession of many similar institutions in France, Germany, Belgium, Portugal and other countries in Europe, as well as in the United States. The psychologic moment had apparently arrived for this distinct and notable advance in the tuberculosis warfare.
In 1899, the managers of the Boston Dispensary, at my suggestion, established a tuberculosis clinic in connection with that institution, which, so far as I am aware, was one of the first, if not the first, of the kind in this country;
OTIS EO. THE TUBERCULOSIS DISPENSARY: ITS METHODS, VALUE, AND LIMITATIONS.. JAMA. 1906;XLVII(26):2154-2158. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.25210260024001k