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The pure food act properly places the responsibility for infractions of the law on the manufacturer and not on the retail dealer. Section 9 specifies that "no dealer shall be prosecuted under the provisions of this act when he can establish a guaranty signed by the wholesaler, jobber, manufacturer or other party residing in the United States from whom he purchases such articles, to the effect that the same is not adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act designating it." To facilitate the guaranteeing of products by the manufacturer the commission which was appointed to formulate the rules and regulations for the enforcement of the act directs that "a general guaranty may be filed with the Secretary of Agriculture by the manufacturer or dealer and be given a serial number, which number shall appear on each and every package of goods sold under such guaranty, with the words:
GUARANTEE UNDER THE PURE FOOD ACT.. JAMA. 1907;XLVIII(1):55. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.02520270061008