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The first volume of this system is introduced with a chapter on "The Evolution of American Surgery." This contains a brief but interesting history of the lives, and numerous good likenesses, of the early surgeons of this country, who helped to make American surgery what it is to-day. The volume is subdivided into five parts: "Surgical Pathology," "Complications and Sequelæ," "General Surgical Diagnosis," "General Surgical Treatment," and "General Surgical Prognosis." Nothing shows so well the change in thought which modern methods of scientific research have brought about, than the present conception of the import of inflammation. From the old idea of its being a definite disease to the present idea as expressed on page 109, that "Inflammation is an exaggeration of normal body functions—a struggle for protection and self-preservation"—and that it is "essentially adaptive, protective and reparative"—is a great step forward. The chapter on "Disturbances of Nutrition" includes hypertrophy, atrophy,
American Practice of Surgery. A Complete System of the Science and Art of Surgery by Representative Surgeons of the United States and Canada.. JAMA. 1907;XLVIII(1):67-68. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.02520270073023