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August 20, 1904

THE UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH AND MARINE-HOSPITAL SERVICE.PART I. A HISTORICAL SKETCH.

JAMA. 1904;XLIII(8):544-547. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92500080002

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Abstract

(D) DR. WYMAN'S ADMINISTRATION (1891 TO THE PRESENT).  Surgeon-General Walter Wyman had done much for the sailor and for the service before he became surgeon general. He had frequently called attention to the physical conditions affecting seamen of the merchant marine, and after he became surgeon general was instrumental in having laws passed for their benefit, notably one for the relief of the deckhands on western river boats, who, by reason of inadequate quarters, were unprotected from the inclemencies of the weather. When in command of the Marine Hospital at Baltimore, he exposed the cruelties to which crews of oyster boats in Chesapeake Bay were subjected. and succeeded in causing amelioration of their condition. As surgeon in command of the Marine Hospital at New York, he recommended and established, with the consent of Surgeon-General Hamilton, a laboratory for the study of bacteriology and pathology, which was later moved to Washington, and

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