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Thus far I have generalized, and what I have said is quite as applicable to many other kinds of expert evidence as to medical and surgical testimony. But a railway lawyer, speaking to railway surgeons on such a topic as the present must be understood by his hearers as having in mind in everything he says the special class of cases in which both are so much and so often interested. While, therefore, my observations have been general in terms, they have, no doubt, come to your minds as having special and direct reference to personal injury cases. Certainly no other class of cases more frequently displays the abuse of expert medical and surgical testimony, or demonstrates more clearly the necessity for improving the method of procuring and presenting such testimony. No doubt it is within the repeated experience of each of you that ignorant or corrupt expert testimony has
MATHER R. THE USE AND ABUSE OF EXPERT MEDICAL AND SURGICAL TESTIMONY AND SOME RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INCREASING THE VALUE OF SUCH TESTIMONY.. JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(17):776–781. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440170010001d