Accurate modification of milk involves the calculation of definite percentages of fat, mixed proteids, caseinogen, etc., for mixtures of cream and milk and of cream and milk and whey. The necessary operations are expressed most conveniently in algebraic equations.
Of the merits of percentage modification, the American method of preparing cow's milk for the infant, it is sufficient to say that it provides the instrument of precision; for this reason alone, if there were none others, it is desirable that it should be established on the mathematical principles which it involves and on which it depends. If formulas are employed to determine the required quantities of materials, they should accord with these principles and with the chemical facts; they should be accurate, also, and adequate. None of the published formulas meets these requirements; and generally accepted statements on the subject of the calculation and the preparation of percentage mixtures are,
BROWN DR. ACCURATE MODIFICATION OF MILK, SIMPLE AND PRACTICABLE.. JAMA. 1907;XLVIII(7):577-585. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.25220330019001d