The present report is based on the examinations made of students' eyes during the college year of 1905-06. Eight hundred and eighty-three students were examined, and as the tests were conducted with great care and thoroughness, and were supplementary to an equally exhaustive study of the entire physical condition of each student, it was thought that an analysis of the results might be of value, not only to ophthalmologists, but to educators also, and even to the public at large. While some may question the desirability of making exercise and care of the body part of a university course, no one can criticise the endeavor to ascertain the ocular defects of the student and the expediency of correcting any existing errors of refraction.
Such tests have been practiced at the University of Pennsylvania since 1897, but until 1904, when the completion of the gymnasium rendered the examination of a very
POSEY WC, McKENZIE RT. EESTJLTS OF THE EXAMINATION OF STUDENTS' EYESIN THE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.. JAMA. 1907;XLVIII(12):1010-1013. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.25220380026001f