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Article
October 15, 1904

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF CHESS.

JAMA. 1904;XLIII(16):1150. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.02500160052010

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Abstract

While the average chess player makes his moves with comparatively little foresight, in the high science of chess, as played by experts, each move for several moves, ahead on both sides, including all the contingencies, is carefully thought out. Success depends on the perfection with which this is done, and the method is illustrated to some extent in a recent article in Everybody's Magazine, where the performances of the champion chess player, Pillsbury, in so-called blindfold chess, are discussed. Blindfold chess playing is playing without seeing the board, and requires an exercise of visual memory that is almost inconceivable. Pillsbury, it is said, has thus played sixteen simultaneous games with expert players, winning twelve, drawing three and losing only one. He was compelled to remember the position of each of the thirty-two chessmen on each of the sixteen boards. The enormity of the mental task may be suggested by the

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