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There is still room in the armamentarium of the surgeon for a reliable, slowly absorbable suture and ligature material. I have been recently investigating a material from a very curious source which I believe to be entirely new. Dr. George P. Johnson of Cheyenne called my attention to the long and strong tendons in the legs of the bird commonly known throughout the United States as the blue crane (Fig. 1). He had used this material with excellent results as a suture for the aponeurosis in a case of hernia, the suture giving no trouble and apparently being absorbed in time. I obtained from him a number of these tendons and immediately began a series of experiments to test their value as sutures and ligatures. These experiments comprised tests of the breaking strain of the tendons wet and dry, of the possibility of rendering them aseptic, of the effect
KIEFFER CF. A NEW MATERIAL FOR SUTURES AND LIGATURES.TENDONS FROM THE LEG OF THE CRANE.. JAMA. 1904;XLIII(21):1519-1522. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92500210001b