The proportion of cases in which we find the middle turbinate involved in a pathologic condition that does not require operative treatment for its removal is, relatively speaking, small in number.
The etiology of these is: (1) Systemic, (2) local. The non-operative treatment consists in the removal of the cause of the trouble.
The primary cause of the average case of disease or irritation of the middle turbinate which does not require surgical treatment—those cases of vasomotor coryza, spasmodic rhinitis and edema—I have found to be systemic, and the exciting factor in precipitating the acute attack is not so frequently due to exposure to colds and draughts as to overindulgence in, or injudicious, eating and drinking. The large majority of these cases are in "the overfed and underworked" class and those who live an indoor and sedentary life. I have seldom seen this condition in the outdoor laborer or in
STUCKY JA. NON-OPERATIVE TREATMENT OF THE MIDDLE TURBINATE.. JAMA. 1907;XLVIII(26):2174. doi:10.1001/jama.1907.25220520004002