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To the frequent occurrence and annoying symptoms of flat foot, we no doubt owe the large number of methods of treatment: we may choose between the braces of Whitman, Roberts, Woodbury, Sayre and others; the traction shoe of Shaffer and other mechanical appliances for forcibly twisting the distorted foot into position; the operation of Ogston and those who have modified his procedure; the supramalleolar osteotomy of Trendelenberg; tenotomies of different muscles; the treatment by means of pads of various materials placed under the arch of the foot; the use of suitable foot and toe exercises; the employment of artificial muscles to hold up the flattened foot; and the method of Hugh Owen Thomas, of Liverpool.
This list is probably not complete, but it is certainly varied enough to suit all men and all cases.
It is not my purpose in this paper to criticise or compare these methods one with
TOWNSEND WR. THE TREATMENT OF FLAT FOOT BY THOMAS' METHOD.Read in the Section of Surgery and Anatomy at the Forty-first Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, Nashville, Tenn., May, 1890.. JAMA. 1890;XV(6):212–214. doi:10.1001/jama.1890.02410320014001d