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Senate Bill 1913, "To protect the insignia and the name of the Red Cross" passed the Senate Jan. 6, 1898 and was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary by the House of Representatives on the following day. This seems at first sight like a praiseworthy bill entitled to the support of every humane and patriotic legislator, but when we come to scan it and the arguments in its behalf we find that there are in existence two Red Crosses, one of which is official and has asked for no protection, while the other in petitioning for protection speaks as if speaking for both and as if authorized to do so. The first is the Red Cross, the hospital flag and the badge of hospital corps neutrality of all the nations that have accepted the articles of the Geneva treaty of 1864. The 7th article of this treaty provides that
PROTECTION FOR THE RED CROSS.. JAMA. 1898;XXX(7):383–384. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.02440590043007