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Just as there are numerous forms of arthritis due to different etiologic factors, but one in particular due to a specific micro-organism and characterized by a definite symptomatology, namely, acute rheumatic polyarthritis, so also among the several varieties of meningitis of diverse origin there stands out one different from all the rest and dependent on its own specific bacterial cause, namely, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. While no doubt cases of the latter disease had been recognized previously, its epidemic occurrence was first noted at Geneva in 1805. A year later the occurrence of an epidemic at Medfield. Mass., was described independently, and a most complete report on the subject was made to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1809 by a committee appointed for the purpose. In 1811 a classical study of the disease was published by Elisha North of Goshen, Conn., and an admirable account of its history and its relation
EPIDEMIC CEREBROSPINAL MENINGITIS.. JAMA. 1905;XLIV(12):960-961. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.02500390044004