At the last meeting of the American Medical Association, in a paper with the same title as the present one, I entered into the comparative merits in hemostasis of of the ligature, angiotripsy and electro-thermic pressure.
Brief reference was made to the development of electro-thermic hemostasis in the crude application by Keith of a hot iron to the compressing blades of a pedicle forceps. Credit was given Dr. Skene for devising and using instruments with a heating medium concealed and insulated within one of the compressing blades, therefore, for the introduction of electro-thermic hemostasis. I stated that the essential element in this form of of hemostasis was a rapid source of heat in one blade of an instrument giving the proper amount of pressure. My own instruments were demonstrated, showing many points of improvement and practicability over Dr. Skene's. A limited number of cases with this method of hemostasis were
DOWNES AJ. ELECTRO-THERMIC HEMOSTASIS IN ABDOMINAL AND PELVIC SURGERY.. JAMA. 1902;XXXIX(2):75-81. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.52480280017001c